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term definition
Santeria Comprises a variety of African religious complexes, which were practiced by African slaves and their descendants, and later adopted by wider segments of the Cuban population. The core belief is Ocha, the worship of Yoruba- derived deities called orishas. The suppressions of the African religion led to its syncretism with Roman Catholic rites and icons, especially wit the Christian saints.

Santos Spanish for saints, primarily used to describe the Latin American popular carvings of Roman Catholic Saints.

School of the South See: Taller Torres Garcia

Sculpture A three-dimensional work of art, or the art of making it. Such works may be carved, modeled, constructed, or cast. Sculptures can also be described as assemblage, in the round, and relief, and made in a huge variety of media.

Secondary colors The colors obtained by mixing equal amounts of two primary colors. The secondary colors in pigment are orange, green, and violet; in light, they're magenta, yellow, and cyan. Also see intermediate colors, which are sometimes called tertiary colors.

Semana de Arte Moderna Series of events held at the Teatro Municipal in São Paulo from February 11 to 18th 1922 that marked the arrival of modernism in Brazil and celebrated the centenary of Brazilian independence. The exhibitions included works championed by leading writers, with paintings by Anita Malfatti (1896-1964), Emilio di Cavalcanti, and Vicente do Rego, among others. The approach to Modernism drew on both international artistic developments, such as Cubism, Furturism, and Surrealism, as well as the Brazilian experience.

Shango An Afro- Caribbean religion practiced in Trinidad, Tobago, Grenada, and Brazil, most of whose elements are derived from Yoruba beliefs and rituals.

shurmano Tienes un euro, primo?

Silkscreen A stencil method of printmaking in which an image is imposed on a screen of silk or other fine mesh, with blank areas coated with an impermeable substance, and ink is forced through the mesh onto the printing surface. Also called serigraphy and screen-printing. Andy Warhol used silkscreens as a means of applying paint to canvases. Also, a print made by this method, sometimes called a screenprint.

Soucouvant A carnival character that is based on fork tale about a bloodsucker who shed her skin at midnight before flying through the air to attack her victims. She must resume her natural form before daylight.

Still life A picture of inanimate objects.

Surrealism A twentieth century avant-garde movement that originated in the nihilistic ideas of the Dadaist and French literary figures, especially those of its founder, French writer André Breton (1896-1966). At first a Dadaist, he wrote three manifestos about Surrealism-- in 1924, 1930, and 1934, and opened a studio for "surrealist research." Influenced by the theories of the pioneer of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud (German, 1856-1939), the images found in surrealist works are as confusing and startling as those of dreams. Surrealist works can have a realistic, though irrational style, precisely describing dreamlike fantasies, as in the works of René Magritte (Belgian, 1898-1967), Salvador Dali (Spanish, 1904-1988), Yves Tanguy (French, 1900-1955), and Alfred Pellan (Canadian, 1906-1988). These artists were partly inspired by Symbolism, and partly the Metaphysical painting of Giorgio de Chirico (Italian, 1888-1978). Or, it could have a more abstract style, as in the works of Joan Miró (Spanish, 1893-1983), Max Ernst (German, 1891-1976), and André Masson (French, 1896-1987), who invented spontaneous techniques, modeled upon the psychotherapeutic procedure of "free association" as a means to eliminate conscious control in order to express the workings of the unconscious mind, such as exquisite corpse.

Symbolism Symbolism rejected objectivity in favor of the subjective, and turned away from the direct representation of reality in favor of synthesis of many different aspects of it, aiming to suggest ideas by means of ambiguous yet powerful symbols.. It combined religious mysticism with an interest in the perverse and the erotic, an interest in what seemed ‘primitiveí with a sophisticated cult of decadence.

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